In all cases, it is imperative that students acknowledge the work of others. This includes full and proper referencing of all quotations, conclusions of findings reached by others, and important ideas and concepts. Since contemporary research, and the work of research higher degree students in particular, is increasingly collaborative or team-based, a contribution to the research project by others is common. Research may be jointly published, may be carried out in collaborative teams, and may be done and/or written with the technical, statistical, editorial, or physical assistance of others. A statement precisely outlining the contributions of others to the intellectual, physical and written work must be set out at the beginning of every research higher degree thesis. See Thesis formatting for details.